National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat-of-Arms of the Village of Üllés [*** ¤]
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Üllés

(The County of Csongrád)

Üllés represents the typical fate of settlements situated in the Hungarian Great Plain, as in the course of its history flourishing periods were often interrupted by destructions, which were again followed by revivals; as a result, the settlement's past and present offer numerous motifs suitable for the design of its coat-of-arms.

The coat of arms of Üllés is a spade shield parti per pale, with a pointed base. In the dexter field azure on a ground vert a cock proper borne contourné, armed, abaissé, crowing towards a stylised sun or, borne partly-covered in the sinister chief of the field. In the sinister field gules an ornamented fess azure. In the chief a horse or at speed, in the base a typical Hungarian grey bull (tinctured argent) at gaze.

The fess is ornamented by a Latin cross purpure, bordured or, borne between two cone-shaped tents or, lined and flagged purpure.

Across the top of the shield a tetra-domed Classical Greek metal helmet proper, lined purpure, with face guards open, and crested by a plume of horse mane or.

The helmet is borne between two double-bladed swords crossed in saltire behind the shield; across the hilts, as if it were the mantling, a military overcoat (himation) purpure, bordured or.

The coat of arms of Üllés belongs to the category of canting arms, since it evokes the major turning points of the settlement's history as follows below:

The denominator of the settlement might have been a landowner called Ehellős, living some time in the 12th century.

The name is the clear equivalent of the Greek name Achilles. It was exactly in this period that giving personal names to settlements was typical in Hungary, and the names of Homeric heroes appeared in Hungarian appellation. Thus we think of the founder of the village when, out of the armour of his denominator, the Greek hero (presumably held in great reverence by his family), we present on the coat-of-arms the helmet forged by the god Hephaistos and adorned by the golden crest, the swords as supporters, as well as the himation instead of the traditional mantling.

The village might have been destroyed during the Mongol invasion, as later it was mentioned by documents as a Cuman settlement. It might also have been in this period that the name changed to Üllés, as it was standard practice with the Cumans that the word "-ülése" meaning "seat" was attached to the name of the head of the family that had settled in a land, in order to indicate that it was his quarters. (Other examples are Ákosüllése and Bátorüllése). This period is recalled by the two golden tents adorning the blue band, while the purpure cross with the golden border between them symbolises the local people's strong faith, which they have possessed from the very beginning. From this time onwards, throughout many centuries the main employment was stock farming, referred to by the galloping golden horse, as well as by the Hungarian grey cattle standing in the base of the shield. The memory of this traditional Hungarian livestock is still kept in the name of Göbölyjárás-dűlő. (The reason why the town of Szeged would have wanted to acquire this area once was its rich pastures.)

The cock waking the sun is a reminder of the settlement's laborious people who, after all their trials and tribulations, were able to restart life, who have always worked hard from daybreak till nightfall, and the rising sun has always found them on the move ever since the resettlement following the expulsion of the Turks till the present day, so that they could make the land safe and fertile enough for themselves to make a living.

Photos:

01. Saint Antal Church

02. The Statue of Sándor Fontos

03. Millennium Statue – made by János Lőrincz

04. Leisure Centre of Üllés – Fishing pond

05. Teaching Path

06. Exhibition of the artists’ house

07. House of Local History

08. Fonó Folk Dance Group

09. Library of the Village of Üllés

10. INFO Centre

11. Youth quarters