National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat-of-Arms of the Village of Újpetre
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Újpetre

(The County of Baranya)

Its coat of arms can be described as follows: Triangular shield erect and azure. In dexter chief the stylised depiction of a lily, or. From behind the flower two vine stalks are issuing; they are decorated with two leaves vert and a bunch of grapes, gules. From below the floral motif three ears of wheat, all or, are issuing both on the dexter and on the sinister side.

In sinister chief the charge of a golden lily is borne and behind it a hoe argent, handled sable and a walking staff sable and bundled gules are borne crosswise.In base a five-pointed verdured crown or is borne encouped and it is decorated with three leaves and two pearls in-between them. From the crown a demi-eagle is issuing, its wings abaisé; bird is armed gules and sable. Below the shield a swallow-tailed ribbon or is borne, folded fourfold and the settlement’s name ’Újpetre’ is inscribed in it in letters sable. Before and after the settlement’s name an ornamental dot.

The coat of arms of the village of Újpetre is one of the so-called canting arms (tesserae loquentes). The shape of the shield evokes the 13th century, the period, when the settlement’s name got first mentioned in writing. (1296) It was in 1296 that due to a legal procedure bailiff Conrad ( comes Corrardus de Owar) of the Óvári-Kéméndi branch of the Győr clan obtained the ownership of the settlement.

The first known charge of the clan’s seal bore a lily flower and this is why the same flower also appears in the settlement’s modern coat of arms. There are two other reasons justifying the presence of the lily flower in Újpetre’s emblem. The church of the settlement was consecrated in the 14th century to honour bishop St. Nicolas, who was also known as the defender of ’female virtues’. In the 18th century the new church was to commemorate Prince St. Emerich, and the lily flower was oe of the saint’s attributes. The double charge of the lily flower can also be explained by the fact that the settlement, which had previously been owned by János, son of governor Henry, was bestowed by King Charles Robert on the orphaned grandchildren of Conrad, called Miklós and Conrad Junior. It was in 1330 that they divided the property between themselves. The royal crown is borne in the settlement’s coat of arms in order to symbolise royal patronage. Újpetre is an old Hungarian settlement. The totemic bird of the ancient Hunagrians was the turul bird (austur, turul). At the end of the Turkish era Serbians and Germans settled down in the village and they also used an eagle in their emblems. These facts justify the appearnance of the bird in the settlement’s modern coat of arms. The ears of wheat are references to the traditional occupation of the inhabitants of the village (Újpetre had two operating mills as early as the mid-14th century). The bunch of grapes, as well as the black hoe, also refer to local agriculture. The walking staff with a bundle attached to it symbolises the fact that the inhabitants of the settlement were often forced to flee their native village and also to the fact that immigrants from faraway places eventually found new homes in Újpetre. The inscription bears the settlement’s up-to-date name, ’Újpetre’, which has been in use since 1933.

Újpetre is an old settlement in Baranya County and it is located among the hills between the Mecsek and the Villányi range of mountains.