National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat-of-Arms of the Village of Szepetnek [¤]
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Szepetnek

(County Zala)

Spade shield erect, the base rounded and curved to a point. It bears: azure, on a ground vert in base a plough with gallows and a scythe against a background lined horizontally, symbolising ploughed and cultivated land.

Across the top a barred helm argent lined gules; and for the crest on a plume a dexter arm embowed gules, holding a scimitar argent.

Mantling: stylised vine leaves, argent above the shield and and gules on both sides.

Below the shield a scroll or bearing the motto SZEPETNEK.

The village of Szepetnek is situated southwest of Nagykanizsa. By the evidence of archeological finds, the site has been inhabited since the 6th century BC. In addition, there are major Roman-age remains in the area.

The village name comes from the Slav word Sopotnik, meaning brook, stream, waterfall. The area in fact is abundant in springs and streams. The fields are spacious, while the nearby beautiful forests and the pond are ideal for leisure and recreation.

In the Middle Ages the settlement was a well-developed market town, and its role as a regional centre of trade and that of the Catholic Church was remarkable.

After its destruction by the Turks, the village had to be resettled. The Charter of Szepetnek of 1695 granted the settlement Haiduk privileges as a reward for its military service and the achievements in the rebuilding of the village. Rapid development followed; from 1744 the landowners were the Batthyány family, who established an up-to-date system of manorial farming. However, the former "freemen" (i.e. the ones with Haiduk privileges) enroached upon the privileges of the landlord. In 1757 the Batthyánys had German-speaking inhabitants resettled from the vicinity of Németújvár (Kukmér, Hidegkút, etc.). The appearance of the hard-working Germans resulted in a new upheaval of progress.

The village was also significant in the Reform Age (the first half of the 19th century), and the villagers of today are proud of their renowned ancestors born and living in that period. The most remarkable of them was Pál Királyi (1817-1892), a writer and journalist, a major during the war of independence of 1848-9, then a member of Parliament until his death.

Between 1856-62 a new wave of German settlers arrived from Lotzmannsburg. In addition to the cultivation of land, animal husbandry and the growing of wine, new or supplementary sources of living and occupations came into being like that of the wire-makers of Szepetnek, who took their products to Austria, Slovenia, Croatia and to the comitat of Vas.

Until the nationalisation of schools, Catholic and Lutheran schools were in operation, offering high-level education.

Until 1905, the language of education in the Lutheran school had been German, then only the major subjects were taught in German. Today German is taught as a minority language.

The number of inhabitants is 1,739. The infrastructure is well-developed with running water, gas and telephone network. The dwellers make their living from agriculture, but many find employment in the industry and trade in the nearby town.

The civil organisations, as well as the local authorities of the German and Gypsy minorities are very active, which results in an efficient and co-operative management of affairs. The dwellers' love of their village is shown by the fact that in 1993 Szepetnek won the first prize in the national competition called Virágos Magyarországért (for Flowery Hungary).

Szepetnek is the centre of the association of minorities for the development of the Muramente region (i.e. the region by the Mura River), with a regional information centre of the European Union (Európa Pont).

Pictures:

1. Village Hall

2. The Catholic church, a listed building

3. World War Two Memorial