National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat of Arms of the Village of Szenyér
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Szenyér

(Somogy County)

Description of the coat of arms:

Shield triangular gules. Standing on base vert scored castle-wall argent with three towers and closed gate. In the middle tower bird (hooded lark)argent rampant, ready to fly is holding a ear of wheat or in its beak. In sinister chief a six-pointed star or is borne. Shield is enframed by two leafy oak branches vert fructed with acorns or.

Szenyér has a history of several hundred years.

Although the name of Szenyér does not appear on the first 20 documents on the surrounding region, the foundation of the settlement dates back to the time of the Hungarian conquest.

Being a royal estate its landlords were royal “comes”-es, that is royal bailiffs. Its status was always influenced by the fact that it lies next to the road connecting the northern and southern regions. The settlement acquired strategic importance during the Turkish occupation of Hungary, due to the entrenched castle which stood on a hill, now referred to as Várdomb (Castle Hill).

The village was the property of the chapter of Esztergom from the 16th century until World War II. A peasant revolt broke out as a result of mistreatment by the accountant and manager of the estate, and the matter was finally settled by the council of governor-general by introducing the socage system.

In the first third of the 20th century the village had one of the biggest livestock in the area and the population of the village was two and a half times, the number of houses was twice the number it is today.

During World War II. the population was not forced to flee in spite of the closeness of the front lines, since the cellars that have been hollowed out of the hillside offered excellent hiding-place. Agriculture provided the hard-working population with a secure way to make a living, which lead to the flourishing of the village.

In addition to the hard work done, the villagers also found time to participate in the theatrical group, the choir and in the folk dance group in the evenings. The real driving force behind these groups was schoolteacher László Henger, who was an extraordinary personality. During his working life of more than three decades he had taught several generations to read and write, had made culture an internal part of the everyday life of the villagers and also found time to investigate the past of the village. The results of his research – in accordance with his Last Will and Testament – appeared under the title “Szenyér története I.” (The history of Szenyér I.) and were edited by dr. József Gál.

The 1960s brought about a gradual decline when first the agricultural cooperative then the council lost its independent status. The number of residents was also slowly decreasing. The elementary school, which had survived for decades, was closed in 1998. Children are now taught and looked after by the elementary school and nursery school of Böhönye.

Health services are provided partially by Böhönye, partially by Mesztegnyő, according to the agreements and contracts signed by the local government.

The local stores offer basic food and goods, but for doing bigger shopping residents are forced to travel.

In 1990 the local government brought public administration back into the village. It established an independent office which has been operating as the District-Notary’s Office of the Villages Böhönye, Nemeskisfalud and Szenyér since 1996.

A water plant was built in the village in 1992, which supplies the population with clean drinking water. In 1994 the crossbar telephone network was laid down.

The road to the cemetery has also been surfaced and an attempt is made at continuous road maintenance within the inner part of the village.

Since the local governmental elections of 1994, a gypsy minority council also operates to improve the living standards of the relatively large gypsy minority group.

The large scale unemployment which characterized the period following the political transition had left its mark on the village, but today signs of improvement are beginning to show. Apart from individual difficulties that may arise, even less educated workers find job opportunities in the area.

The key to the settlement’s survival is finding its own function as an organic part of the surrounding region.