National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat of Arms of the Village of Szentlászló [¤]
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(Baranya County)

Shield erect, its base is curved to a point. Base party per fess azure and vert. In field vert a horse caparisoned and passant. On the horse the figure of a saint is borne sitting; the saint’s head is haloed, and he is habited in a short cloak, legs armoured and on his feet iron boots. In his dexter hand the saint is holding a long-handled scimitar; in the sinister hand a shield gules which bears a patriarchal cross argent. The horse, the knight and the scimitar are all or. In the dexter corner of the chief a human-faced moon argent, in the sinister one a six-pointed star argent.

The patriarchal cross presumably symbolises royal power and in spite of the fact that this emblem goes back to the age of King Béla III (1172-1196), it is considered an attribute of King St. László. In the Augsburg edition of the Thúróczi Chronicle the saintly king’s horse is adorned with a shield featuring this emblem. Bertalan Székely’s well known fresco in the Cathedral of Pécs, one of the warriors behind the figure of the king is depicted raising a coated banner vert adorned with a patriarchal cross argent.

The cross as a symbol of power appears in the so-called Vatican miniatures depicting scenes from the life of King. St. László. The truth is that these depictions go back to a much later period of time.

What role do coats of arms play in the life of settlements?

Formerly the monarch gave coats of arms only to towns which represented crown property. (Pécs was given this title in 1780.) Other settlements did not have their own coats of arms, but they were allowed to use seals on their documents. These emblems had their own distinctive features and occasionally heraldic charges were also borne in them.

When the settlements of Hungary decided to have their own coats of arms designed the charges of the village seals were reused as heraldic charges.