National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat-of-Arms of the Village of Székkutas [¤]
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Székkutas

(The County of Csongrád)

The coat-of-arms is a Baroque-style shield tierced per fess. In the lower field (the smallest in size) vert an Avar belt buckle argent. In the middle field argent three ears of wheat on the dexter, a plover in the middle, and a Hungarian chamomile on the sinister. In the upper field azure a windmill on the dexter, a sweep-pole well in the middle, and a horse on the sinister.

The settlement of Székkutas is situated by the 47 trunk road and the Szeged-Békéscsaba railway line on the eastern border of County Csongrád. Agriculture is the main sourc e of living for the majority of its inhabitants.

The Settlement's Past:

It wasan inhabited area as early as the period of the Avars, which fact can be proved by archeological excavations and the unearthed Avar graves. The name of Székkutas in the form of KWTAS was already mentioned by documents as early as in 1426, then other name variations emerged, such as Peres-Kwtas (1560), Pörös Kutas (1561), Veres Kutas .(1723) and Peres Kutas (1763).

The name probably goes back to a local well. (Kút means well in Hungarian). Peres, the most frequently occurring anterior constituens was likely to be given to the place because of the prolonged litigations for the right of ownership the locals had been involved in. As local legends relate, the anterior constituens Veres might have been in use because the village inn, today standing on the edge of the village, at that time was painted red. Until as late as the mid-19th century Székkutas was part of the area of the Vásárhely farmsteads, and it was only afterwards that it got settled in by people from Orosháza. At the beginning of the 20th century the area was still an outer part of Vásárhely by the name Vásárhelykutas, then until 1950 it was mentioned by the name of Hódmezővásárhely-Kutaspuszta. Until as late as 1979 the three quarters of the population lived in the outer fields. It was in 1950 that Székkutas became an independent settlement. The anterior constituens 'szék' might come from the word 'székhely', meaning 'seat'. According to another theory it derives from the name of the chamomile ( székfű) flowering in great numbers in nearby fields.

In the 1920s as a student Hugo Hartung (1902-1972) was a guest in the village. Later he became famous as a writer. His youthful experiences at Kutaspuszta were written down in 1954 in a novel entitled Ich denke oft an Piroschka, that is I often Think of Piroshka. Both the book and the film based on it are now internationally famous.

The Present:

Due to the favourable local conditions Székkutas is a settlement of agrarian characteristics. The largest plant is the Új Élet Mezőgazdasági Szövetkezet (New Life Agricultural Co-operative), but it is not able to give work to the majority of the villagers. Consequently, many at Székkutas work independently in agriculture, commerce or in service industry as entrepreneurs. There is no significant industrial plant in the village, so some inhabitants have to commute to Orosháza or Hódmezővásárhely and seek employment in factories there.

Today the two thirds of the population live in the village itself which has a good infrastructure, and an efficient system of public offices and institutions. The family homes have running water and electricity,and, in addition the inhabitants have had the opportunity to join the local telephone network and the gas distribution system. At present only a few streets have their own sewerage.

The lake at Kakasszék belongs to the area of Székkutas. The healing qualities of the water have for long been known in the region. In 1932 a sanatorium was built here which has been offering a variety of treatments to rheumatic patients ever since.

The famous buildings of the village include the windmill, the Roman Catholic church built in Neogothic style, the Calvinist church in Neoromanesque style, the railway station and the Cultural centre by the name of Alföldi Opera (Great Plain Opera).

About the future:

The aim of the local authorities is to make sure by offering new jobs and good services locally that villagers consider Székkutas their real home. Those enterprises are supported that create new jobs in the village. In addition, the local government pays a special attention to the protection of the environment. New areas have also been outlined by them worthy of further support and encouragement, such as the growing of medicinal herbs and rural tourism. The traditional and the newly established political, social and religious organisations in the village have been playing an important role in the realisation of the above aims and tasks.

Székkutas warmly welcomes all its guests. Come and enjoy our hospitality.

E-mail: szekkutas@mail.delfin.hu