National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat-of-Arms of the Village of Szabadegyháza [*** ¤]
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(County Fejér)

Szabadegyháza is situated in the central part of the county of Fejér. Its original name was Szolgaegyháza, which presumably refers to the fact that before the Mongol invasion of 1241-2 it might have been one of the more than a hundred possessions scattered in 'over a dozen counties' of the border castle called Szolgagyőr. It is likely to have had a church built later, so did it gain the suffix -egyháza attached to the name. Its mention of 1411 during the reign of King Sigismund has not been justified yet. The first authentic document relating to the village, dated 20 November 1659, was issued by Emperor Leopold I, who bestowed several small settlements including Szolga-Egyháza on the warriors Gábor Bossány, János Szeghy and Márton Eölbey. From this time onwards it was possessed by lesser nobles. However, until the end of the 18th century, most of it fell into the hands of the Marich family then, through marriage, it was owned by the Szőgyény family. Both of them could display noteworthy predecessors, and from the beginning of the 19th century onwards their members were high dignitaries in government. The settlement started to develop rapidly: the railway was built, it obtained a post office of its own, and several pieces of land as well as farmsteads were attached to its area. It was an important stage on the way to autonomy that in 1926 it became a municipality, followed by a change of the name to Szabadegyháza (szabad means free, as opposed to szolga, which means servant). Consequently, for the design of its coat-of-arms there were numerous motifs at disposal.

Shield erect, per cross azure and gules, base curved to a point. Dexter chief (first) azure, in water vert wavy argent a crane passant contourné, argent, abaissé, legged gules, holding in its beak gules a quill argent; to the sinister three reed maces erect, all proper. Sinister base (fourth) is the heraldic mirror image of dexter chief (first), with crane passant and reed maces to the dexter.

In chief sinister (second) gules on a field vert a lion rampant or, armed, queue fourché, raising with the dexter paw a scimitar bladed argent and tilted or. Dexter base (third) bears the same charge as a mirror image, with lion rampant contourné and raising the scimitar with the sinister paw.

Across the top a tournament helmet at a slant, proper, barred and bordered or, lined sable, round the gorget on a ribbon a medaillon, both or. Helm crested with a five-pointed open crown verdured or, headband adorned with gems gules and azure; the three verdures gorged with a ruby each, the stalks between the verdures with a pearl azure each.

Mantling: dexter gules and or, sinister azure and argent.

This coat-of-arms belongs to the category of canting arms, as long as it is a reminder of the two most significant landowner families, to whom the settlement is the most indebted.

In fields one and four the crane holding a quill, a reference to the advancement in office, was taken over with minor alterations from the one-time Marich coat-of-arms by common request. (The original charge was a little egret just about to descend, while the present one is borne taking flight. This representation may be justified by three factors. First, the wings of heraldic birds are ever so often not positioned consistently even in the coat-of-arms of the same family. Second, the respectable, stone-lifting heraldic crane of the Szőgyény family also had to be taken into consideration. The third, perhaps the most important point is that this representation offers the most obvious way of expressing the settlement's desire for development and thrive for success.)

The fork-tailed lion with the sword is a motif from the Szőgyény family's coat-of-arms, referring not only to the family's local possessions, but to their important role in the border fights against the Turks as well.

The helmet over the shield is a reminder of the local people's renunciation, as well as of those who died a heroic death in the world wars. The crown symbolises autonomy in government, whereas the prolific scarves resembling floral ornaments are meant to express the prosperity of the carefully cultivated land.