National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat-of-Arms of the Village of Sárszentlőrinc [¤]
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(County Tolna)

Shield erect with a pointed base. It bears: argent, in middle chief a nine-pointed sun in splendour or and thereon a Luther rose argent in a circle azure. In dexter fess a vine stock with three leaves vert and two bunches of grape azure. In sinister fess a garb of eight wheat stalks or, held together by a ribbon gules. In base a four-sectioned mound vert and thereunder three bars wavy azure. The vine stock and the garb are borne issuing from the mounds of the base.

The symbols of the coat-of-arms can be interpreted as described in the following:

The Sun is a reference to St Lawrence, whose martyrdom is the baking August heat and whose symbol is the sun. The sun is associated with warmth, dryness, daytime, summer, fire, the sign of Leo, Sunday, activity, as well as fertilising and devastating powers. The heart symbolises gold, fruit, corn and ray-shaped flowers. Even the Bible often draws a parallel between Christ and the Sun. In the astrological year the Sun triumphs over Saturn in August, in the month of Leo. The victorious saint is St Lawrence, born under the sign of Leo.

The Luther rose is the symbol of the Lutheran Church. The eight founding families of the village were led into their new homeland by the most prominent Lutheran pastor of the age. One could also mention the many prominent pastors of the congregation of Sárszentlőrinc, who played an active role not only in the leadership of this small village but also in the management of the Transdanubian Lutheran Diocese. To one of them we owe the Lutheran Grammar School and thereby the famous poet Petőfi, who used to study in it. If it had not been for these servants of God, the village would not be able to boast such spiritual possessions. In the coat-of-arms their hard work is revered by the Luther rose, whose form and colours were created by Martin Luther himself.

The wheat is a reminder of the fact that on 22 July 1722 some Hungarian serfs who had lived in Györköny so far signed a contract, which secured their right to dwell on the puszta of Szentlőrinc. This small group of dwellers included no more than eight families.

The wheat is the symbol of eternal and resurgent life, one that represents and secures fertility. It is also the archetype of the earthly body of the Saviour (the bread is Corpus Christi). The symbolically coherent elements such as the wheat grain (creating power) and the row of grains, i.e. the wheat ear (upkeeping power) stand for the eight families who brought life to the puszta of Szentlőrinc. The eight wheat ears bound into a garb symbolise the coherence of the community.

The vine is one of our oldest domesticated plants, which comes up every spring. Thus it is the symbol of death and revival alike. The two bunches of grapes shooting from the same stock stand for the two small villages of Uzd and Sárszentlőrinc, which have fed on the same roots since they grew out of the same soil and share the same culture. They can only survive by mutual support. Christ is the life tree of fertility, whose fruit is the bunch of grapes. The bunch of grapes and the ear of wheat together are the Holy Sacrament, the wine and the bread, the body and blood of Jesus Christ. In addition, the vine also symbolises Europe.

The hills and the three rivers represent the following: Sárszentlőrinc is located in the upper third of the northern ridge of a hilly area by a flatland formed by the Sió and the Sárviz, whereas Uzd is situated in a triangle formed by the brook Donát and the Sió. The ridge rests by the banks of the rivers like the clenched fist of a giant. It is not a grand landscape, but for those who live here it is the gift of God, 'a golden corner of the world'. It has been mentioned by poets and writers as an example of the quiet charm of the Pannonian landscape. Or, as the writer Gyula Illyés describes it in Puszták népe (People of the Puszta [lit]), " ... in my native land I received an unmatched heritage. I can regard half a comitat as my own. Where the Sió, which flows slowly from [Lake] Balaton suddenly finds a companion in the Sárvíz from the north, yet they do not unite, but all through the whole of the comitat they walk slowly alongside each other at a distance of two to three kilometres, ornamented on both sides with gentle slopes and quiet hills whose landscape looks as if it were painted ...this is my land ... "