National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat-of-Arms of the Village of Sály [¤]
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Sály

(Borsof-Abaúj-Zemplén County)

The coat-of-arms of Sály is a shield erect, in its rounded base azure a Haiduk warrior azure is borne. In his dexter arm he is holding three ears of corn and a bunch of grapes, all or. In sinister hand he is holding a ploughshare sable.

Sály is located north of Bükkábrány, at a distance of 10 kms from trunk road No. 3.

Number of inhabitants is 2059.

Postal code: 3425

Regional telephone code: 49

The History of the Settlement:

Geographically the settlement is located on the lower slopes of the Bükk mountain. The southern slopes of the Bükk have always provided the settlement with excellent natural and economic resources. Archeological excavations attest to the fact that Sály has continuously been inhabited since the Bronze Age and the peoples of the Great Migration period always stayed here for shorter or longer periods. Several Hunnish and Avar graves have been unearthed in the region to prove this hypothesis. After the Hungarian Conquest the settlement went into the possession of the Örösur clan and Sály’s name is likely to have derived from the name Saul. Until the 16th century relatives of the clan, the members of the Geszti and Tibold families own the village, but we can trace some female members of the Szepessy family, too, among the owners. Later members of the Eötvös, Fáy, and Kállay families are among the owners. In the period of the Turkish Conquest Sály was conquered in as early as the 1550s. The village was located further north of the main military routes, consequently it was not burnt down and did not get depopulated. At the end of the period of the Turkish Conquest Sály was still a habited area and the local inhabitants were all Hungarian serfs. In the 18th and 19th centuries several nobiliary families can be found among the settlement’s owners, from among which the members of the Szepessy family played the greatest role in local life. They built a mansion in the village, which later got into the property of the Gorove family, members of which owned some fields in and near the settlement as late as the early 20th century.

Local serfs were freed from serfdom in 1848 and they were given fields of considerable size. The size of Sály’s outer fields was 4421 acres, from which 2490 acres was ploughland, the rest was meadow and pasture. One third of the village population was very poor. They used to work in the fields of wealthier peasants, but they could seek employment in the local quarry and in one of the several village mills as well.

Contemporary Village Life

The settlement is part of the advantaged Bükk recreational area. The cherishing of folk traditions is an important part of present-day life in this region. Widely known is the local Pávakör (Folk Choir), managed by Dr. Ernő Barsi, ethnographer, a retired professor from the Győr College of Education.

Turfing is an important field of local economy.

Places to see

The Eötvös-Gorove mansion is located in the village centre. The famous writer, József Eötvös was born in this building. The 18th century Baroque building today serves as a centre for physiotherapy. In its park a Classicist tomb can be seen. It is topped by an obelisk.

The Roman Catholic Church, built in Late Baroque style is one of the chief attractions of the settlement.

Within a few minutes’ walk from the village centre one can find the ruins of the one-time Hussite castle.

Sály-Lator is the name of the outer fields of the settlement. This part of the village was once famous for its gold washers, an activity, which today is only recalled by the local brook. The building of the present-day school once served as the village inn. The Castle Hill can be found here, from the top of which visitors can have a nice panorama of the valley of the brook and they can see why the former castle was built in this strategiacally important place. The residential tower of the castle dominates the landscape and it can be seen from a large distance. Recently remains of an earthwork have been unearthed nearby in the dugouts, preceding the construction of the stone castle. The warm- watered areas at the foot of the mountain are habitats for rare species of black snails.

The former school building, in which the famous Hungarian writer, Géza Gárdonyi used to teach, is a local history museum today. In the museum building there are exhibitions introducing folk life. In addition to observing tools and local folk costumes visitors can have an inside view of traditional school life as well. The exhibition also acquaints its visitors with the documents of the excavations of the Lator castle and with the life and the cross section of the literary activity of Géza Gárdonyi during the years he lived at Sály.

Programmes recommended

The festival of the patron saint of the village is held on the day of the Feast of Assumption. In the days following August 20th a village festival is organised every year.