National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat-of-Arms of the Village of Leányvár
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(The County of Komárom-Esztergom)

The shield is party per fess and the lower field is party per pale.

In the first field azure three-leafed open coronet or, adorned with pearls and gems rubies gules and sapphires vert. Among the coronets a bastion argent (white) with loft gules. These charges symbolise on the one hand Saint Elizabeth of the Árpád dynasty and on the other hand the bastion refers to the expression VÁR (Castle) in the name of the village.

In the second lower dexter field the family coat-of-arms of the Árpád dynasty is borne (barry of seven gules and argent (white)) as a reminder of the royal origin of Saint Elizabeth of the Árpád dynasty as well as her childhood spent in Esztergom. (It is well known that the shield of the Árpád dynasty is emphasized in the coat-of-arms of Esztergom but it is also there in the coat-of-arms of the neighbouring villages of Kesztölc, Sárisáp and Epöl. It is important to mention that all of the above mentioned villages belonged to the royal estate.)

In the third lower sinister field or (yellow) a heraldic rose with five petals gules and five sepals vert, which is the most famous symbol of Saint Elizabeth in the community of Catholic saints. (A similar rose can be found in the coat-of-arms of Sárospatak, where she was supposedly born.)

“It is known that Saint Elizabeth of the Árpád dynasty was born in 1207 on Sárospatak or Bratislava as the daughter of Endre II (András), king of Hungary (1205-1235) and Queen Gertrudis. As a child she was engaged with Lajos, a marquis of Thuringia who was also a child at that time. At the age of four Elizabeth was taken to the castle of Wartburg in Thuringia and was raised there until their marriage. The new relatives forgave her deep religiousness, however they did not accept her contribution and giving alms to the poor.

She also built hospitals under the castle of Wartbug and in Eisnach. Her husband, Lajos marquis went to a crusade with Emperor Frigyes II in 1217, where he soon died. The widow Elizabeth was exiled from the Court with her three children, but she did not stop caring for the poor. On one of these occasions she met her greedy brother-in-law, who wanted to know what she was carrying underneath her apron. In her surprise Elizabeth lied that there were roses. The brother-in-law ordered her to show them. At this moment Elizabeth started praying to God for help and when she raised her apron there were roses instead of the hidden bread.”

Since under the force of necessity she spent her life in the Netherlands and not at home, she is respected in her chosen country as well as in her home country, Hungary. During her lifetime she and her companions joined the third order of Saint Frances of Assisi, the Clarissas and spent the last two years of her life with caring for the sick and the poor.

She died in 1230 and was canonized in 1334.

In 1240 Franciscan nuns came to Hungary, and they were also called Elizabethan nuns.

The first upper field: Saint Elizabeth is usually represented in coat-of-arms with three leafed coronet and roses. The roses refer firstly to the legend and secondly the petals gules are the symbols of the blood of Jesus Christ and his five wounds during his crucifixion. The five sepals vert refer to the rising, victorious Christ.

The symbols of the leafed coronet can be explained in two ways:

a) “Symbol of the three ranks of Saint Elizabeth: descendant of the Árpád dynasty, wife of a marquis of Thuringia, and the coronet of Wartburg, which was put on her dead body by Emperor Frigyes when she was moved to the church built in honour of her.

b) According to the tradition Saint Elizabeth ensured her companions with a citation taken from the Book of Revelation, Chapter 2, Verse 10: “Be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life.” According to this the three coronets would be the symbols of honour, glory and happiness.”

Both explanations carry essential spiritual message for the future generations.

The settled Germans since 1755 brought with them the respect and the cult of this Saint Elizabeth. Thus Saint Elizabeth became a connecting link between the settlers and the local people. Her course of life is a moral teaching and an example to be followed for all of us.

Besides the charges the colours also carry important meanings:

The azure background of the first field refers to the sky, the air, the water, truth and loyalty, as well as to the local patriotism of the people of the village.

The colours gules and argent of the second field carry important meanings

The argent: colour of purity, impunity, innocence, perfection, Holy Light and Heaven. The apotheosis of Christ in the shape of the Lamb of God is always represented in white.

The gules: colour of fire, heavenly brightness, warmth and love, the colour of blood thus the representation of the crucifixion of Christ.

The or: reminds us of Heaven and the words of God.

The background or of the third field represents saint Elizabeth in heaven with the above mentioned roses.

An additional element of the shield (not a significant part of it) a five-pointed leafed coronet, lined purpure, couped above the shield and the scroll azure below the shield.

The coronet is the symbol of the first field. (It should be mentioned that the same coronet is present in the coat-of-arms of the Saint Elizabeth nuns.)

The colour azure in this case expresses loyalty, solidarity as well as the peaceful co-existence, understanding, respect, appreciation among Hungarians, Germans and between the different religious groups.

On the scroll azure the date 1270 indicates the first written mention of the village and 1755 indicates the settling of the local Germans. The name of the settlement in Hungarian and in German with the cross of Christ between them can be seen.