National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat-of-Arms of the Town of Hortobágy [** ¤]
Click to zoom


(County Hajdú-Bihar)

The great plain ("puszta") of Hortobágy has since days of yore witnessed the traditional way of stock-raising, whereby the herd is reared in the open air. In spring, floods made traffic and the transport of goods rather complicated in the area. These are the features that served as a basis for the design of the coat-of-arms.

Shield coupé miparti: parti per fess, chief and fess to honour point parti per pale. Dexter chief and partly fess barry of seven gules and argent. In sinister chief and partly in fess on the mount of a field vert a crane argent (with beak and legs or) passant. Next to the crane’s head on the dexter a moon decrescent argent, on the sinister a sun or, rayonnant with twelve rays. In base vert on a triple mount or, mounted on a horse effaré sable a csikós (traditional Hungarian herdsman) habited in wide linen trousers and shirt azure , hat, vest and boots sable, cracking a whip with a long lash and stock sable. Over the mounted herdsman a bridge argent piered nine, sable. The coat-of-arms bears no helmet or mantling.

The coat-of-arms of Hortobágy symbolises the settlement's ancient Hungarian origin and characteristics, the waterlogged and marshy stretches of land (justified by data from as early as the beginning of the 15th century), an excellent place for the waterfowl to nest and for the migratory birds to find temporary shelter. The crane argent (Grus grus), is a special protected bird of this area, and a respected ancient wild bird of the Hungarians; its positive symbolism is very diverse. It is mentioned in the Hungarian literature and poetry regularly. Combined with the sun and the moon they express the inhabitants' faith and loyalty.

The prancing horse (a Hungarian Nonius horse breed) and the short-stocked ornamental long whip, the most typical tool of the csikós, evoke the traditional way of life on the puszta, while the most characteristic structure of the region, the Nine-piered Bridge, built between 1827 and 1833, calls attention to the one-time waterways and harsh conditions for travel.