National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat-of-Arms of the Municipality of Hegyeshalom [¤]
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Hegyeshalom

(Győr-Moson-Sopron County)

The heraldic description of the coat-of-arms of Hegyeshalom is as follows:

Spade shield erect and gules. In base vert an osctrich is borne, statant and it is turning toward the dexter. The bird is holding a horseshoe argent in its beak.

The settlement’s above described coat-of-arms was used by its local governemnt as early as 1768. Hegyeshalom can be considered one of the most ancient settlements of Moson County. The charge of the ostrich standing on the road, with a silver horseshoe in its beak, which appears as the central motif in the settlement’s coat-of-arms, is a reference to the geographical and historical fact that Hegyeshalom was located at crossroads leading from the east toward the west. This location explains the German phrase ’Straus am Rhein’, from which ’Strassommerein’, the German name of the settlement, still in use, comes from.

A document of 1217 from the archives of the monastery of Heiligenkreuz, as well as some other documents to be found in the Hungarian National Archives, suggest another version of the origin of Hegyeshalom’s coat-of-arms. As it is attested by the document No. 1041/1932 of the Hungarian National Archives, the emblem, used by the settlement of Hegyeshalom as early as 1768, had an ostrich as its central motif, and the bird was holding a silver horseshoe in its beak. According to Dr. Lajos Kumorovitz, an expert in heraldry, it was probably one of the Hungarian kings of the House of Anjou ( Charles Robert 1308-1342, or Lewis the Great (1342-1382) who had bestowed the previously desribed coat-of-arms on the settlement of Hegyeshalom. The same bird appeared as heraldic charge in the coats-of-arms of the kings of the House of Anjou as well. Throughout the Middle Ages it was a general custom that monarchs bestowed parts of their own coats-of-arms on townships and other settlements. It was probably the way how Hegyeshalom obtained its Medieval coat-of-arms.

Hegyeshalom was likely to have paid for this privilege. The inhabitants of the settlement must have paid some service to the king, for example they may have paid their taxes in advance or in one lump sum. If this was the case it can be supposed that Hegyeshalom was one of the wealthiest settlements of the region in the period following the Mongol invasion of Hungary.

The charge of the silver horseshoe is likely to have meant wealth and good luck. The ostrich as a bird is also characterised by swiftness and vigilance. These features of the bird are mentioned in the Bible, too, and probably this was the reason why the ostrich was borne in

the coat-of-arms of the kings of the House of Anjou, since these monarchs all had the reputation of being ardent Catholics.

The settlement did use this traditional coat-of-arms in its seal, but the exact date of the creation of the seal is not known. A document of the Hungarian National Archives dated 1768 already has this seal on it, and, in addition, the State Archives at Mosonmagyaróvár keeps other sealed documents which go back to 1776 and 1785. All these documents feature complete and intact seals on them. Above the head of the ostrich the letters S.A.D.S. are inscribed. (Sommerein an der Strasse).

Photos:

1. Mayor's Office - Village Hall

2. Roman Catholic Church and Memorial of the I. and II. World War, the Relocation and the victims of 1956

3. Evangelical Church

4. Lőrincze Lajos Elementary School

5. Hungarian Millennium Square - Patriarchal Cross - Flag-park

6. Railway Station

7. Branch bank at Hegyeshalom of Rajka és Vidéke Savings Bank

8. Post Office

9. Mine lake

10. Stettni-lake