National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat-of-Arms of the Village of Attala [¤]
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Attala

(Tolna County)

The settlement’s coat-of-arms can be described as follows:

Shield erect, its base is curved to a point. Shield is party per fess with a wavy bend azure. The wavy bend symbolises the Kapos River. In chief gules seven ears of corn or are borne crosswise. This charge is a reference to the traditional agricultural characteristics of the settlement. In base vert the charge of a two-towered castle or is borne encouped. Castle has a window and a gate, both sable. Above the two towers a star is borne or on each side and in-between them the floral charge of a lily argent.

The origin of the settlement’s name is usually explained with the following legend:

The settlement was named after the wife or the daughter of a Roman nobleman. According to an old folk legend a castle used to stand here and this is why a Roman-style fortress was chosen as charge when designing the settlement’s coat-of-arms. The castle was in the possession of an extremely beautiful dame by the name Atala, who had all the castle windows, but one walled in. Then she told her subjects: ’If I have this last window walled in, nobody, not even God will see me.’ For her mocking defiance God punished Atala by sinking her castle. This is why only one window is borne as charge in the settlement’s coat-of-arms. The floral motif of the lily symbolises the religious faith of the local inhabitants.

In the outer fields of the village Roman Age remains were unearthed, and these include ruins of ancient walls, carved stones and bricks. All these finds underline the fact that Attala used to be a fortified military camp.

The settlement was part of Tolna County in the Middle Ages.

The first written mention of the village goes back to 1138 and its name appeared in a contemporary document as Atila.By the papal tithe register of 1332-37 the settlement had a church of its own . The village’s medieval owners included Benedek Zichy, Ferenc Gorup and András Matusek. Attala was uninhabited after the Turkish Conquest until its last landowner had it resettled. In the Turkish era Serbian settlers came here and occupied the homes of the former inhabitants. Due to this development in the 17th century two settlements were recorded. One of them was called Rácz (Serbian) Attala and the other Magyar (Hungarian) Attala. A part of today’s village, the so-called Ráctemető reminds us of this period. In 1715 only six households were registered in the village, a fact, which refers to the difficulties of resettlement. In that period Attala belonged to Székesfehérvár.

In 1726 the village went into the property of the Bishop of Csanád, László Nádasdi, who had a church erected at Attala. A new church was built here in 1867. King Ferenc I bestowed the settlement and its outer fields on the Piarists in 1807.

233 houses were registered locally around 1910 and the number of inhabitants at that time was 1226. The village had a post office, a a telegraph office and a railway station.

In 1932 the number of local inhabitants was 1138 and the area of the settlement and its outer fields was 2158 acres, out of which 300 acres were in the possession of the Piarist order.

The village fields included 1520 acres of ploughland, 178 acres of meadowland, 242 acres of pasture, 74 acres of wooded area and 93 acres of marshland. There were 13 craftsmen among the village people and they represented 10 different professions.

The village had a Roman Catholic reading circle as early as the beginning of the 20th century. Attala had an elementary school , a voluntary fire brigade and a village doctor.

In 1937 the village doctor was joined by a midwife. In that year the number of inhabitants was 1126.

It was on December 2, 1944 that the second world war came to an end at Attala and the village got liberated.